HIV/AIDS kills the most people in Africa, followed by respiratory infections, diarrhea, and malaria. Death occurrence in the African continent is mainly due to diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, and respiratory infections. The number of lives claimed by illnesses over the last couple of years has been over a million deaths annually. As a result, average life expectancy for African men is 58 years while for women is 61 years.
These average life expectancy figures are the lowest compared to other continents. The leading causes of death in Africa has been accelerated by numerous factors spanning the social, economic and political aspects. Most Africans have been exposed to vulnerable environmental conditions in periods of political instability, resulting in loss of lives.
With better health care and treatment for leading causes of deaths such as HIV/AIDS, the life expectancy has increased in many populations in recent years. However, the high number of deaths has continued to affect the economic and social life of many people. High poverty level has made it difficult to access quality medication and accelerated malnutrition