Pre-hospital standards of emergency medical care and rescue in Sub-Saharan Africa vary widely, from well-developed sophisticated ‘‘ﬁrst-world’’ systems to basic, rudimentary sys-tems (e.g. conveying patients with makeshift wheelbarrows),to places where service provision is non-existent. Some countries (like South Africa) have well developed systems that are widely available in both private and government sectors and are generally on par with systems in countries throughout the developed world; beyond the borders of South Africa,
however, emergency medical and rescue systems vary considerably. Reasonably well developed systems are known to exist in urban settings in countries such as Namibia and Botswana, but beyond these centres there is little else
(PDF) Emergency care in Africa. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/277514367_Emergency_care_in_Africa [accessed Aug 01 2018].